Ethereum Classic : Beginner’s Guide

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Ethereum Classic is the original Ethereum blockchain and allows for the implementation of decentralized applications and smart contracts. The project was born out of an unwavering belief in core principles. It symbolizes the importance of a cryptocurrency being fungible and its blockchain immutable.

Ethereum classic : Decentralized, Immutable and Unstoppable

Ethereum and Ethereum classic were were identical all the way up to block 1920000. But then the infamous DAO changed a blockchain and cryptocurrency forever.


A smart contract known as The DAO, the Decentralized Autonomous Organization was created on the Ethereum platform. The DAO was essentially a venture capital fund where investors would vote on how to allocate capital. The fund was so popular that it attracted roughly 14% of all Ether in existence at the time, raising 150 million dollars. The advantage and disadvantage of a smart contract is the autonomous execution. In this case, the smart contract had a design flaw that allowed someone to steal over 3.6 million Ether from The DAO. Vitalik Buterin, creator of Ethereum, and the majority of the community wanted to perform a hard fork that would roll the blockchain back to block 1920000 to before the hack so that funds could be returned. You can read more about the controversy and the decision to hard fork Ethereum here.

After the hard fork to return people’s funds, the original Ethereum blockchain remained and is now known as Ethereum Classic or ETC. The community that continued to mine and support the original blockchain believe there should be no outside influence on what was supposed to be an immutable blockchain. Ethereum Classic has since blazed its own trail in the cryptocurrency world. In the long run, the Ethereum Classic community hopes there is value in taking the principled approach that code is law.

Smart Contracts

Smart Contracts were invented by Nick Szabo in 1994. However, at the time there was no decentralized platform that could securely store the smart contracts. The blockchain provided the perfect platform. Smart contracts are built on top of the Ethereum Classic blockchain and automatically enforce the rules of an agreement. Smart contracts could one day eliminate countless intermediary services in banking, file storage, insurance, identity and reputation services, etc. Read more about Smart contracts Click here

Emerald Software Developer Kit

Development unique to Ethereum Classic produced the Emerald Software Developer Kit, a toolkit to build dapps. The SDK contains other components for developers such as UI, libraries, and build tools. As Ethereum Classic is a platform, the ultimate goal is for as many developers as possible to be building on top of the blockchain. ETC aims to focus on the internet of things, often referred to as IoT. In an interview, ETC developer Igor Artamonov said: “smart contracts on [the] blockchain are ideally suited for simple agreements between machines operating on [a] distributed network, a machine-to-machine protocol, and IoT is [the] most obvious application to this.”


Ethereum Classic continued the original blockchain and split from Ethereum in July 2016. It was predicted that the original chain would simply disappear after the fork but mining and trading continued. Eventually, Poloniex listed ETC and the price reached one-third of ETH’s.


After bitter attacks in the various Ethereum subreddits, ETC made a “Declaration of Independence” stating “we believe in a decentralized, censorship-resistant, permission-less blockchain. We believe in the original vision of Ethereum as a world computer that cannot be shut down, running irreversible smart contracts.” Find out more about History Click here

Team that Made Ethereum Classic

The Ethereum Classic team intentionally holds a lower profile. The lack of high profile leader is in line with their core philosophy of ETC being decentralized and free from powerful human influence. However, the majority of this team has over 10 years of experience in software engineering and “understand how to build a system supposed to work for years.”

You can see some of the main engineers below


Ethereum Classic Team

Coin Supply and Sustainability

ETC diverges greatly from ETH when it comes to mining and coin supply. Ethereum has a built-in difficulty bomb that makes mining with proof of work harder over time. This will eventually force all miners to switch to proof of stake. ETC will pause this difficulty bomb and intends on sticking with proof of work. On average there are 10-14 second block times with a reward of 5 ETC per block. As the block times are so short, transaction fees are relatively low, with an average fee of about 1 cent.

Ethereum Classic is inflationary through block rewards until the year 2025 at which point the coin supply will be capped at 210 million coins. Ethereum has no cap and plans to remain inflationary for the time being. ETC believes this monetary policy makes Classic a safer investment as the value of the coins will not decrease over time due to a never ending increase in supply.

Future Projects and Roadmap

The development team continues to work on the Emerald Desktop Wallet, the first ETC trust less wallet. In 2018 there is also the hope of the release of a mobile version of the ETC wallet.

The Timetable


There is no doubt that ETC will run up against some fierce competition. There is not only the obvious competitor of Ethereum but also any other smart contract provider. NEO, in particular, has made a name for itself in the smart contract space. However, the ETC “community remains less focused on other technologies coming in direct competition… and more on partnerships and complementary solutions.” It ‘s worth noting that when compared to some other smart contract providers, ETC certainly excels in its level of decentralization.

Read more about Trading History Click Here

Where can you buy it?

You can trade for ETC with BTC and ETH on Bittrex or Poloniex. You can also purchase ETC directly with USD on Bitfinex.

Where can you store it?

The Emerald Wallet is a still in development but you can download the latest version here. For a mobile wallet, Jaxx supports ETC. However, for maximum security, you can use the Ledger Nano S hardware wallet.

Final Thoughts

With ETC, you know you are investing in a commitment to an immutable blockchain. Their team hopes, in the long run, there is value in sticking to your principles. With ETH, there is the precedent that they could hard fork again based on human influence. It is important to remember cryptocurrencies arose out of the ashes of the banking collapse. Satoshi Nakamoto originally designed decentralized blockchains to answer corruption in the financial sector. “The immutable blockchain was meant to be free from the human tendency to corrupt.” Cryptocurrency thefts have happened before and will happen again. Where do we draw the line of what requires a hard fork? ETH blurred this line while ETC has clearly drawn their land in the sand.

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This article was originally published by Mr.Paul Andrew(crypto-enthusiast, strategy game world champion, mathematician). Read more about it on


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